Recently the NASA launch two new missions to advance our understanding of the Sun and also it's dynamic effects on space weather.
From one of the selected missions will study how the Sun drives particles and energy into the solar system. The Sun generates a vast outpouring of those solar particles which is known as solar wind that can create a dynamic system of radiation in the space called as space weather.
Basically the launch date for the two missions is “no later than August 2022,” NASA said in a statement.
“Though these missions will do big science, but they’re also special because they come in small packages, which means that we can launch them together and get more research for the price of a single launch,” Zurbuchen said.
The mission PUNCH or Polarimeter to Unify the Corona and Heliosphere basically focus on the Sun's outer atmostphere, also the corona and how it generates the solar wind, according to NASA.
The second or the another mission called as TRACERS or Tandem Re-connection and Cusp Electrodynamics Reconnaissance Satellites. It basically will observe particles and fields at the Earth’s northern magnetic cusp region – "it is the region encircling Earth’s pole, where our planet’s magnetic field lines curve down toward Earth". So here those field lines normally guide particles from the boundary between Earth’s magnetic field and interplanetary space down into the atmosphere